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Powerful, responsive and rugged, the 994F sets the standard for high productivity and durability.
Cat® power train delivers smooth, responsive performance and reliability in tough conditions.Learn More
Field-proven Cat® 3516B HD EUI (High Displacement) turbocharged and aftercooled diesel engine delivers high power and reliability in the world's most demanding mining applications. The 3516B is a 16-cylinder, four-stroke design and uses long, effective power strokes for more complete fuel combustion and optimum efficiency.
High Torque Rise
With 32% torque rise, the 3516B HD EUI delivers high lugging forces during digging and acceleration in high rimpull conditions for maximum efficiency and fast cycle times.
High displacement, low rpm rating and conservative horsepower ratings mean more time in the field and less time in the shop.
Electronic Control Module (ECM)
The ECM is the electronic "brains" of the power system. Computerized system senses operating conditions and power requirements and adjusts engine for most efficient operation at all times.
Electronic Unit Injection (EUI)
The electronically controlled unit injection fuel system senses operating conditions and regulates fuel delivery for optimum fuel efficiency.
High Displacement (HD)
The high displacement engine has a longer stroke, high power range and better fuel efficiency.
Advanced Diesel Engine Management
ADEM™ system controls fuel injector solenoids to start and stop fuel injection for superior performance, greater reliability, cold start protection, automatic altitude compensation and air filter restriction indication.
Separate Circuit Aftercooler
Allows aftercooler circuit to operate cooler than jacket water temperature for a denser air charge and greater combustion.
Ether Starting Aid
Ensures reliable start-up in extreme cold operating conditions.
Cat Planetary Power Shift Transmission
Features heavy duty components to handle the toughest jobs. Electronic controls allow smooth shifting for greater productivity, durability and longer component life.
Impeller Clutch Torque Converter (ICTC)
Electronically controlled impeller clutch torque converter provides maximum flexibility in regulating optimum rimpull in all conditions for smoother operation.
Left brake pedal operation allows the operator to reduce rimpull to 25% then brake for more precise inching when approaching a truck or making directional changes.
Allows operator to adjust maximum rimpull from 100% down to 90, 85, 75 and 65% using a four-position dial while in first gear. Matching rimpull to job conditions provides greater traction in slippery or rough conditions for better performance and longer tire life.
Low mounted heavy-duty power train components ensure a stable machine.
The 994F power train has proven itself with the most reliable and durable components in the industry for the lowest operating cost-per-ton.
Torque is developed at the wheel, generating less stress and wear on the axle shafts.
The front axle is fixed, and the rear axle oscillates ±10°, which allows either rear wheel to rise or fall 677 mm (26.7 in) while all wheels remain on the ground for maximum stability, greater traction and a more comfortable ride.
Standard conventional differentials allow one tire to spin faster than the other, keeping developed torque out of the axles.
Free-floating axle shafts can be removed independently of the wheels and planetaries for quick and easy servicing.
Permanently lubricated for greater durability and long service life. Only the slipjoint requires manual lubrication.
Oil-Cooled Disc Brakes
Four-wheel, fully hydraulic oil-cooled multiple disc brakes are completely sealed and adjustment free. Two brake pedals allow standard braking with right pedal plus rimpull modulation braking with left pedal.
The brake oil cooler provides additional cooling to the brake discs for greater durability.
Screens on the brake circuit minimize the risk of contamination.
Manual, spring-applied, multiple dry-disc brake is located on the front driveline for protection from contamination. Monitoring system alerts operator if transmission is engaged while parking brake is applied, and if the pressure drops, the parking brake is automatically applied.
New Generation Modular Core Radiator (NGMR) significantly improves heat rejection through the use of copper cooling cores and improved flow characteristics.
The all-wheel drive design features four planet carrier gears with planetary double reduction in each wheel for superior reliability. Planetaries can be removed independently of the wheels and brakes for quick and easy servicing.
Seals out dirt and contamination to extend component life.
Designed for maximum strength and durability in the harshest operating environments.Learn More
The 994F front loader frame features robust structural components for outstanding durability in the toughest loading conditions. The frame is the backbone of the 994F's durability and is specifically designed and manufactured to withstand the higher forces required by the machine's increased payload rating.
The box-section rear frame, articulation hitch and four-plate loader tower are designed to resist torsional shocks, twisting forces and stresses generated during the loading cycle while protecting driveline and hydraulic system components.
Z-bar Loader Linkage
Proven Z-bar loader linkage geometry delivers maximum productivity. Fewer pivot point and moving parts are designed to reduce maintenance costs.
The 994F's solid steel lift arms absorb high stresses generated during loading without sacrificing strength or durability. The linkage design provides an excellent view of the bucket edges, corners, and work area, allowing the operator to focus on productivity. The cross sectional area of the lift arms has been increased in several areas to improve durability.
Cat hydraulics deliver the power and control needed to keep material moving.Learn More
Completely enclosed hydraulic system uses separate circuits for lift and tilt, steering and brake control. Separate circuits provide increased cooling and elimination of cross-contamination, resulting in less downtime and greater productivity.
Lift and Tilt System
Three dedicated fixed displacement piston pumps and a fourth electronically controlled variable displacement piston pump deliver high reliability, efficiency and performance to the lift and tilt system. The variable displacement pump is only activated when additional hydraulic speed is needed.
Low-effort, pilot-operated finger-tip controls provide smooth, precise control of lift and tilt functions. Automatic lift kickout and return to dig detents deliver fast cycle times.
The 994F features a load-sensing steering system with variable displacement piston pump for smooth, precise control. The revolutionary steering system integrates steering and transmission control functions into a single controller. Simple side-to-side movement of the STIC steer lever turns the machine right or left. Center point frame articulation allows the machine to articulate 40° to the left or right, permitting precise positioning in tight areas.
Advanced filtration system consists of additional screens and filters throughout the lift/tilt, steering and brake systems to maintain cleanliness, and prevent downstream contamination. All are monitored electronically through VIMS™ system to simplify diagnostic troubleshooting and reduce downtime.
Cat Hydraulic Hose
Field proven Cat high-pressure XT hydraulic hose is exceptionally strong and flexible for maximum system reliability and long life in the most demanding conditions. Reusable couplings with o-ring face seals provide superior, leak free performance and prolong hose assembly life. Large-bore lift and tilt cylinders round out the hydraulic system, delivering high performance and durability.
Ergonomically designed for operator comfort, superior control and high productivity.Learn More
Spacious Cab Design
The 994F sets the standard for productivity with advanced controls and greater operator comfort. Features include outstanding visibility, excellant cab ventilation, interior sound levels below 75 dBA, trainer seat, cup holder, storage bin, radio ready, and more. Improvements made for increased operator maneuverability and productivity.
Steering and Transmission Integrated Control System (STIC)
Combines directional selection, gear selection and steering into a single lever for maximum responsiveness. Simple side-to-side motion turns machine right or left. Transmission shifting (forward/neutral/reverse) is controlled by the operator's fingers, and gear selection is controlled by the thumb. The integrated control system delivers low effort controls for smoother, faster cycles with less operator fatigue.
Left Brake Pedal
Allows the impeller clutch torque converter to modulate rimpull from 100% to 25%. After 25% is achieved, the brakes are engaged for improved control and smoother directional shifts. This improves speed control when approaching the truck.
Cat Comfort Series Seat
With air suspension and retractable seat belt is designed for comfort and support. Seat cushions reduce pressure on the lower back and thighs while allowing unrestricted arm and leg movement. The seat is six-way adjustable and the retractable seat belt remains off the floor and is easy to reach for the operator. Armrests are height and tilt adjustable.
The trainer seat consists of a padded seat and back with lap style seat belt. When the trainer seat is not in use, the back can be folded down and used as a drink tray and there is a storage compartment (room for a large lunch cooler) under the seat.
Seat Mounted Pilot Hydraulic Controls and Armrests
Provide low effort, control for enhanced comfort and stability. Controls and arm rests are fore, aft and height adjustable to accommodate operators of any size in a comfortable operating position. The levers are ergonomically designed for improved operator comfort.
Vital Information Management System
VIMS™ system is the standard display system that provides information on the machine’s major components and systems. Gauge displays fuel tank level and temperatures for engine coolant, power train and hydraulic oil. Tachometer is an analog gauge with digital readout for gear selection. The Payload Control System is included in VIMS system.
Lift, lower and bucket tilt automatic kickouts are adjustable electronically from the cab.
Allows the operator to preset the engine speed, resulting in faster cycle times and increased productivity.
Rimpull Control System (RCS)
Allows operator to match rimpull settings to job conditions with four-position dial. Operator can adjust maximum rimpull from 100% down to 90, 85, 75 and 65% while in first gear. Matching rimpull to job conditions provides greater traction in slippery or rough conditions for better performance and longer tire life.
Rimpull Control System Switch
Turns RCS on and off.
Vital machine information at your fingertips.Learn More
For the operator
VIMS system establishes a two-way communication between the operator and the machine. Real-time machine information allows the operator to make informed decisions that directly affect their safety, machine availability, and ultimately the productivity of the mine.
VIMS system provides maintenance personnel an overview of operator and machine performance. This allows maintenance managers and technicians the information necessary to maximize component life, reduce catastrophic failures, minimize unscheduled downtime and improve a mine's asset management.
VIMS system collects the information a manager needs to determine equipment usage, future machine requirements, personnel performance, and productivity levels. Payload information can also be used as an accounting tool, an indicator of cycle time efficiency and truck over loading or under loading.
Integrated System Monitoring
Sensors located throughout the machine systems enable VIMS system to quickly exchange and monitor information from all machine systems for efficient, high performance operation.
VIMS system simplifies troubleshooting, reduces downtime and lowers operating costs by identifying abnormal conditions before they cause extensive damage.
Monitoring and diagnostic information is stored on-board until it can be downloaded for analysis. Data can be accessed through the message center, transmitted via optional radio and downloaded onto a computer for detailed analysis.
Maintenance and Production personnel can download data and generate reports for better machine management. Data can be used to improve effectiveness of scheduled maintenance programs, maximize component life, improve machine availability, increase production and lower operating costs.
Conveniently located gauge cluster maintains a constant display of vital machine functions, including:
Monitors three systems: engine speed, ground speed and actual gear.
Provides operator or service technician immediate access to current machine information, gauge values and stored data through the message center display.
Displays payload bucket weights and messages requested by operator and advises operator of abnormal machine conditions.
Three-category warning system alerts operator of abnormal machine health conditions.
The Wheel Loader payload system displays the current bucket weights along with the target of the truck is being loaded resulting in the ability to manage payloads. Also has the ability to track material and trucks for production analysis.
VIMS system stores up to 1200 cycles that would include: Date, Time, Truck ID, Operator ID, Material Description, Load Site Description, Blast #, Fuel Used, Bucket Weight, Bucket Status, Machine Status.
VIMS-PC, the off-board reporting software program, allows service personnel to download a complete record of machine health and productivity data to a laptop computer for diagnosis and analysis. Easy-to-use software enables service technicians and mine management to generate health and payload reports for more effective machine management.
On sites with multiple VIMS machines and where VIMS-PC is used to download all data, the use of VIMS Supervisor can aid in quick analysis of VIMS data. VIMS Supervisor can generate Health and Production report summaries for a single machine or an entire fleet. VIMS Supervisor is the drill down tool for fleet analysis using an existing “VIMS.mdb” database.
Cat buckets provide the flexibility to match the machine to the material and conditions.Learn More
Aggressive Cat bucket designs deliver unmatched productivity in the most demanding applications. 994F buckets have been redesigned for optimal loadability and structural reliability.
Cat buckets are manufactured using shell-tine construction to resist twisting and distortion. A more aggressive spade edge increases bucket penetration and fill factors and provides better retention of loose material. An integral rock guard helps retain big loads for greater fill factors and optimum truck loading.
Spade Edge Rock Buckets
Spade edge rock buckets with bolt-on segments are designed to penetrate through the pile while leaving a smooth work floor. Shouldered, double-strap adapters allow easy change-out and bolt-on segments extend base edge life.
Serrated Edge Coal Bucket
Serrated edge bucket is recommended for low abrasion material loading where greater penetration is required. It does not use GET, thus eliminating the risk of iron falling into crushers. Replaceable serrated or straight edge is available if needed. Serrated edge is standard for the 36 m3 (47 yd3) coal bucket, but can be added to the smaller buckets upon request.
Cat Ground Engaging Tools (G.E.T.) provide superior bucket protection for long life in the most punishing conditions. Built to absorb shock, impact, and abrasion, G.E.T. work and wear as a system to boost productivity and lower costs.
Tips extend bucket life in high wear applications.
Protects bucket corner and sides from wear in abrasive materials. Pin-on sidebars are reversible to extend wear life.
Protects bucket edge from wear in materials with high wear rates. Independently pinned for easy replacement without removing tips or adapters.
Replaceable wear plates protect the bucket bottom. Bolt-on and weld-on wear plates protect the rear base edge from damage.
Less time spent on maintenance means more time on the job.Learn More
The 994F is designed for quick, easy servicing. Simplified access to service areas allows for quick servicing and ensures routine maintenance procedures are performed on time.
Ground-level access to centralized lubrication points makes lube service quick and easy.
Dry-type air cleaners with primary and secondary elements, automatic dust ejector, and service indicator are positioned above the hood for easy access.
Pressure Test Ports
Hydraulic pressure test ports enable fast troubleshooting of major hydraulic circuits.
Next Generation Modular Radiator (NGMR)
Modular design with removable cores for easy replacement and maintenance.
Diagnostic connector allows quick troubleshooting of starting and charging functions.
VIMS system notifies operator and service technicians of problems before failure and identifies location to minimize troubleshooting and reduce downtime. Features:
Standard automatic lubrication system reduces maintenance time by automatically lubricating bearings in:
Improved Service Center
Reduces maintenance time by centralizing fast fill connections and providing ground-level service access for:
Caterpillar® dealers have what it takes to keep mining machines productive.Learn More
Make detailed comparisons of the machines you are considering before you buy.
Look past initial price. Consider the financing options available, as well as day-to-day operating costs. This is also the time to look at dealer services that can be included in the cost of the machine to lower equipment owning and operating costs over the long run.
Your dealer is expert at arranging affordable financing options for all Caterpillar products.
Customer Support Agreements
Cat dealers offer a variety of product support agreements, and work with customers to develop a plan that meets specific needs. These plans can cover the entire machine, including work tools, to help protect your investments.
You will find nearly all parts at your dealer parts counter. Cat dealers use a worldwide computer network to find in-stock parts to minimize machine downtime. Cat reman parts offer the same warranty and reliability as new products at cost savings of 40 to 70 percent.
Improving operating techniques can boost your profits. Your Cat dealer has training videotapes, literature, and equipment training courses to help you increase productivity.
Choose from your dealer's range of maintenance services when you purchase your machine. Repair option programs guarantee the cost of repairs up front. Diagnostic programs such as S•O•SSM coolant sampling and technical analysis help you avoid unscheduled repairs.
Repair, rebuild or replace? Your Cat dealer can help you evaluate the cost involved so you can make the right choice.
For more complete information on Cat products, dealer services, and industry solutions, visit us on the web at www.cat.com.
An efficient loading/hauling system starts with a perfect match.Learn More
The standard 994F is sized to load the 150-ton 785C in four passes. The 994F high-lift loads the 195-ton 789C in six passes and the 240-ton 793C in seven passes. The 994F Super High-Lift loads the 195 ton 789C coal body in six passes and the 240 ton 793C coal body in seven passes.
For full truck payloads with minimum loading time, an efficient loading/hauling system starts with a perfect match. Cat Wheel Loaders are matched with Cat C-Series Mining Trucks to maximize volume of material moved at the lowest operating cost-per-ton.
Selection of the right bucket width depends on penetration requirements and the loading target. Bucket sizes are matched to truck bed capacities for optimum loading efficiency and greater productivity.
The narrower 5650 mm (222 in) buckets are optimally matched to load the Cat 785C, and are also sized for the 789C.
The wider 6220 mm (244 in) buckets are optimally matched to load the larger Cat 789C, and are also sized for the 793C.
Caterpillar mining machines and systems are designed with safety as their first priority.Learn More
Caterpillar has been and continues to be proactive in developing mining machines that meet or exceed safety standards. Safety is an integral part of all machine and systems designs.
SAE and ISO Standards
The 994F is designed to national and international standards, and has been tested and self certified to comply with applicable SAE and ISO safety standards.
Integral ROPS/FOPS Cab
Mounted to the main frame to provide rollover and falling object protection. ROPS structure is designed as an extension of the loader frame.
Two wide, stationary stairways with handrails on both sides allow three-point contact access to and from the machine.
Four corner oil-cooled braking system provides excellent control in slippery conditions. The service brakes are actuated by modulated hydraulic pressure, while secondary and parking brake functions are spring applied and hydraulic released. This system assures braking in the event of complete hydraulic failure.
A twin double-acting cylinder steering system is designed to deliver precise control under all loading and underfoot conditions. The steering hydraulic system is separate from the main hydraulic system to prevent cross-contamination and overheating from other sources.
Supplemental Steering System
Provided using a ground driven pump is standard on the 994F. Backup steering system allows the operator to maintain control of the loader in the event of a failure in the main steering system.
Rear Vision Camera (optional)
Located on top of the radiator in the center. Provides the operator 115° of field vision via a colored monitor located in the cab. Enables operator to see directly behind the loader.
The trainer seat makes training new operators in the correct operation of the loader easier. In addition observing operational issues is easier.
The panel is conveniently located on the left-hand side bumper in front of the ladder allowing the operator/serviceman to reach the switches from ground level. In addition to the shutoff and lockout switches described below, this panel contains a VIMS port, stairway lights and hood lights switches.
Engine Shutoff Switch
An engine shutoff switch is located in the rear ground level lockout panel for immediate shutdown.
A transmission lockout switch is located in the rear ground level lockout panel. Enables to lockout machine transmission to prevent gear engagement while the operator is not in the cab.
A starter lockout switch, when enabled, prevents the starter from being activated while service is being performed.
Toe kicks have been added to the rear platform. Prevents tools from falling off while servicing the machine.
Electrical System Disconnect
A battery disconnect switch, which is conveniently located near the left stairs, provides lockout of the electrical system for service work.
Located at ground level allowing easy access for filling and draining machine fluid compartments.
Safety is integral to maintaining the highest productivity in mining machine operation. Caterpillar’s 10/10 Payload Policy assures that steering and braking systems have sufficient capacity to perform at a 10% overload. VIMS, which is standard on the 994F, includes a payload indicator system. VIMS notifies the operator when the bucket is overloaded.
Standard Safety Features
WesTrac and our power systems partners Energy Power Systems Australia (EPSA), provide WA, NSW and ACT with Caterpillar Electric Power Systems, such as generator sets, automatic transfer switches (ATS), uninterruptible power supply (UPS) and switchgears.
EPSA is the Australian Dealer responsible for the sale of new and used Caterpillar engines and design of the installations.
WesTrac provides build-up, installation, servicing, repair and management of power generation plant and equipment, as well as industrial, truck and marine engines and transmissions – 24/7.
It is a formidable combination, providing an unrivalled service – proven reliable Cat power and superb service and parts supply.
You will find the strategic WesTrac/EPSA alliance at work throughout WA, NSW and ACT wherever prime or standby power is required.
At WesTrac® we conduct our business with a number of associated partners.